Gwyddion – Free SPM (AFM, SNOM/NSOM, STM, MFM, …) data analysis software

grains

grains — Grain detection and processing

Functions

void gwy_data_field_grains_mark_curvature ()
void gwy_data_field_grains_mark_watershed ()
gboolean gwy_data_field_grains_remove_grain ()
gboolean gwy_data_field_grains_extract_grain ()
void gwy_data_field_grains_remove_by_number ()
void gwy_data_field_grains_remove_by_size ()
void gwy_data_field_grains_remove_by_height ()
void gwy_data_field_grains_remove_touching_border ()
GwyComputationState * gwy_data_field_grains_watershed_init ()
void gwy_data_field_grains_watershed_iteration ()
void gwy_data_field_grains_watershed_finalize ()
void gwy_data_field_grains_mark_height ()
void gwy_data_field_grains_mark_slope ()
gdouble gwy_data_field_otsu_threshold ()
void gwy_data_field_grains_add ()
void gwy_data_field_grains_intersect ()
void gwy_data_field_grains_invert ()
gboolean gwy_data_field_grains_autocrop ()
gint gwy_data_field_number_grains ()
gint gwy_data_field_number_grains_periodic ()
gint * gwy_data_field_get_grain_bounding_boxes ()
gint * gwy_data_field_get_grain_bounding_boxes_periodic ()
gint * gwy_data_field_get_grain_sizes ()
GwyDataLine * gwy_data_field_grains_get_distribution ()
gdouble * gwy_data_field_grains_get_values ()
gdouble ** gwy_data_field_grains_get_quantities ()
gboolean gwy_grain_quantity_needs_same_units ()
GwySIUnit * gwy_grain_quantity_get_units ()
void gwy_data_field_area_grains_tgnd ()
void gwy_data_field_area_grains_tgnd_range ()
void gwy_data_field_grains_splash_water ()
void gwy_data_field_grain_distance_transform ()
void gwy_data_field_grain_simple_dist_trans ()
void gwy_data_field_grains_shrink ()
void gwy_data_field_grains_grow ()
void gwy_data_field_grains_thin ()
gboolean gwy_data_field_fill_voids ()
gint gwy_data_field_waterpour ()
void gwy_data_field_mark_extrema ()

Includes

#include <libprocess/gwyprocess.h>

Description

Functions

gwy_data_field_grains_mark_curvature ()

void
gwy_data_field_grains_mark_curvature (GwyDataField *data_field,
                                      GwyDataField *grain_field,
                                      gdouble threshval,
                                      gboolean below);

Marks data that are above/below curvature threshold.

Parameters

data_field

Data to be used for marking.

 

grain_field

Data field to store the resulting mask to.

 

threshval

Relative curvature threshold, in percents.

 

below

If TRUE, data below threshold are marked, otherwise data above threshold are marked.

 

gwy_data_field_grains_mark_watershed ()

void
gwy_data_field_grains_mark_watershed (GwyDataField *data_field,
                                      GwyDataField *grain_field,
                                      gint locate_steps,
                                      gint locate_thresh,
                                      gdouble locate_dropsize,
                                      gint wshed_steps,
                                      gdouble wshed_dropsize,
                                      gboolean prefilter,
                                      gboolean below);

Performs watershed algorithm.

Parameters

data_field

Data to be used for marking.

 

grain_field

Result of marking (mask).

 

locate_steps

Locating algorithm steps.

 

locate_thresh

Locating algorithm threshold.

 

locate_dropsize

Locating drop size.

 

wshed_steps

Watershed steps.

 

wshed_dropsize

Watershed drop size.

 

prefilter

Use prefiltering.

 

below

If TRUE, valleys are marked, otherwise mountains are marked.

 

gwy_data_field_grains_remove_grain ()

gboolean
gwy_data_field_grains_remove_grain (GwyDataField *grain_field,
                                    gint col,
                                    gint row);

Removes one grain at given position.

Parameters

grain_field

Field of marked grains (mask).

 

col

Column inside a grain.

 

row

Row inside a grain.

 

Returns

TRUE if a grain was actually removed (i.e., (col ,row ) was inside a grain).

gwy_data_field_grains_extract_grain ()

gboolean
gwy_data_field_grains_extract_grain (GwyDataField *grain_field,
                                     gint col,
                                     gint row);

Removes all grains except that one at given position.

If there is no grain at (col , row ), all grains are removed.

Parameters

grain_field

Field of marked grains (mask).

 

col

Column inside a grain.

 

row

Row inside a grain.

 

Returns

TRUE if a grain remained (i.e., (col ,row ) was inside a grain).

gwy_data_field_grains_remove_by_number ()

void
gwy_data_field_grains_remove_by_number
                               (GwyDataField *grain_field,
                                gint number);

Removes grain identified by number .

Parameters

grain_field

Field of marked grains (mask).

 

number

Grain number was filled by gwy_data_field_number_grains().

 

Since: 2.35

gwy_data_field_grains_remove_by_size ()

void
gwy_data_field_grains_remove_by_size (GwyDataField *grain_field,
                                      gint size);

Removes all grains below specified area.

Parameters

grain_field

Field of marked grains (mask).

 

size

Grain area threshold, in square pixels.

 

gwy_data_field_grains_remove_by_height ()

void
gwy_data_field_grains_remove_by_height
                               (GwyDataField *data_field,
                                GwyDataField *grain_field,
                                gdouble threshval,
                                gboolean below);

Removes grains that are higher/lower than given threshold value.

Parameters

data_field

Data to be used for marking

 

grain_field

Field of marked grains (mask)

 

threshval

Relative height threshold, in percents.

 

below

If TRUE, grains below threshold are removed, otherwise grains above threshold are removed.

 

gwy_data_field_grains_remove_touching_border ()

void
gwy_data_field_grains_remove_touching_border
                               (GwyDataField *grain_field);

Removes all grains that touch field borders.

Parameters

grain_field

Field of marked grains (mask).

 

Since: 2.30

gwy_data_field_grains_watershed_init ()

GwyComputationState *
gwy_data_field_grains_watershed_init (GwyDataField *data_field,
                                      GwyDataField *grain_field,
                                      gint locate_steps,
                                      gint locate_thresh,
                                      gdouble locate_dropsize,
                                      gint wshed_steps,
                                      gdouble wshed_dropsize,
                                      gboolean prefilter,
                                      gboolean below);

Initializes the watershed algorithm.

This iterator reports its state as GwyWatershedStateType.

Parameters

data_field

Data to be used for marking.

 

grain_field

Result of marking (mask).

 

locate_steps

Locating algorithm steps.

 

locate_thresh

Locating algorithm threshold.

 

locate_dropsize

Locating drop size.

 

wshed_steps

Watershed steps.

 

wshed_dropsize

Watershed drop size.

 

prefilter

Use prefiltering.

 

below

If TRUE, valleys are marked, otherwise mountains are marked.

 

Returns

A new watershed iterator.

gwy_data_field_grains_watershed_iteration ()

void
gwy_data_field_grains_watershed_iteration
                               (GwyComputationState *state);

Performs one iteration of the watershed algorithm.

Fields state and progress fraction of watershed state are updated (fraction is calculated for each phase individually). Once state becomes GWY_WATERSHED_STATE_FINISHED, the calculation is finised.

A watershed iterator can be created with gwy_data_field_grains_watershed_init(). When iteration ends, either by finishing or being aborted, gwy_data_field_grains_watershed_finalize() must be called to release allocated resources.

Parameters

state

Watershed iterator.

 

gwy_data_field_grains_watershed_finalize ()

void
gwy_data_field_grains_watershed_finalize
                               (GwyComputationState *state);

Destroys a watershed iterator, freeing all resources.

Parameters

state

Watershed iterator.

 

gwy_data_field_grains_mark_height ()

void
gwy_data_field_grains_mark_height (GwyDataField *data_field,
                                   GwyDataField *grain_field,
                                   gdouble threshval,
                                   gboolean below);

Marks data that are above/below height threshold.

Parameters

data_field

Data to be used for marking.

 

grain_field

Data field to store the resulting mask to.

 

threshval

Relative height threshold, in percents.

 

below

If TRUE, data below threshold are marked, otherwise data above threshold are marked.

 

gwy_data_field_grains_mark_slope ()

void
gwy_data_field_grains_mark_slope (GwyDataField *data_field,
                                  GwyDataField *grain_field,
                                  gdouble threshval,
                                  gboolean below);

Marks data that are above/below slope threshold.

Parameters

data_field

Data to be used for marking.

 

grain_field

Data field to store the resulting mask to.

 

threshval

Relative slope threshold, in percents.

 

below

If TRUE, data below threshold are marked, otherwise data above threshold are marked.

 

gwy_data_field_otsu_threshold ()

gdouble
gwy_data_field_otsu_threshold (GwyDataField *data_field);

Finds Otsu's height threshold for a data field.

The Otsu's threshold is optimal in the sense that it minimises the inter-class variances of two classes of pixels: above and below theshold.

Parameters

data_field

A data field.

 

Since: 2.37

gwy_data_field_grains_add ()

void
gwy_data_field_grains_add (GwyDataField *grain_field,
                           GwyDataField *add_field);

Adds add_field grains to grain_field .

Note: This function is equivalent to

1
gwy_data_field_max_of_fields(grain_field, grain_field, add_field);

Parameters

grain_field

Field of marked grains (mask).

 

add_field

Field of marked grains (mask) to be added.

 

gwy_data_field_grains_intersect ()

void
gwy_data_field_grains_intersect (GwyDataField *grain_field,
                                 GwyDataField *intersect_field);

Performs intersection betweet two grain fields, result is stored in grain_field .

Note: This function is equivalent to

1
gwy_data_field_min_of_fields(grain_field, grain_field, intersect_field);

Parameters

grain_field

Field of marked grains (mask).

 

intersect_field

Field of marked grains (mask).

 

gwy_data_field_grains_invert ()

void
gwy_data_field_grains_invert (GwyDataField *grain_field);

Inverts a data field representing a mask.

All non-positive values are transformed to 1.0. All positive values are transformed to 0.0.

Parameters

grain_field

Data field (mask) of marked grains.

 

Since: 2.43

gwy_data_field_grains_autocrop ()

gboolean
gwy_data_field_grains_autocrop (GwyDataField *mask_field,
                                gboolean symmetrically,
                                guint *left,
                                guint *right,
                                guint *up,
                                guint *down);

Removes empty border rows and columns from a data field representing a mask.

If there are border rows and columns filled completely with non-positive values the size of the data field is reduced, removing these rows. The parameter symmetrically controls whether the size reduction is maximum possible or symmetrical.

When there is no positive value in the field the field size is reduced to the smallest possible. This means 1x1 for symmetrical being FALSE and even original dimensions to 2 for symmetrical being TRUE.

Parameters

mask_field

Data field representing a mask.

 

symmetrically

TRUE to remove borders symmetrically, i.e the same number of pixels from left and right, and also top and bottom. FALSE to remove as many empty rows and columns as possible.

 

left

Location to store how many column were removed from the left, or NULL.

 

right

Location to store how many column were removed from the right, or NULL.

 

up

Location to store how many row were removed from the top, or NULL.

 

down

Location to store how many row were removed from the bottom, or NULL.

 

Returns

TRUE if the field size was reduced at all. Detailed information about the reduction can be obtained from left , right , up and down .

Since: 2.43

gwy_data_field_number_grains ()

gint
gwy_data_field_number_grains (GwyDataField *mask_field,
                              gint *grains);

Numbers grains in a mask data field.

Parameters

mask_field

Data field containing positive values in grains, nonpositive in free space.

 

grains

Zero-filled array of integers of equal size to mask_field to put grain numbers to. Empty space will be left 0, pixels inside a grain will be set to grain number. Grains are numbered sequentially 1, 2, 3, ...

 

Returns

The number of last grain (note they are numbered from 1).

gwy_data_field_number_grains_periodic ()

gint
gwy_data_field_number_grains_periodic (GwyDataField *mask_field,
                                       gint *grains);

Numbers grains in a periodic mask data field.

This function differs from gwy_data_field_number_grains() by the assumption of periodicity, i.e. grains can touch across the opposite field edges.

Note that some grain operations assume that grains are contiguous within the image and do not work with periodic grains.

You can use gwy_data_field_get_grain_sizes() and there is gwy_data_field_get_grain_bounding_boxes_periodic() for bouding boxes of periodic grains. As for grain quantities, simple quantities that do not depend on the shape (mean, median, etc.) are evaluated correctly even for periodic grains. You cannot evaluate quantities depending on grain boundaries though.

Parameters

mask_field

Data field containing positive values in grains, nonpositive in free space.

 

grains

Zero-filled array of integers of equal size to mask_field to put grain numbers to. Empty space will be left 0, pixels inside a grain will be set to grain number. Grains are numbered sequentially 1, 2, 3, ...

 

Returns

The number of last grain (note they are numbered from 1).

Since: 2.38

gwy_data_field_get_grain_bounding_boxes ()

gint *
gwy_data_field_get_grain_bounding_boxes
                               (GwyDataField *mask_field,
                                gint ngrains,
                                const gint *grains,
                                gint *bboxes);

Find bounding boxes of all grains.

As usual zeroth element of bboxes does not correspond to any grain; grain numbers start from 1. The bounding boxes are stored as quadruples of indices: (column, row, width, height).

Parameters

mask_field

Data field containing positive values in grains, nonpositive in free space. However its contents is ignored as all grain information is taken from grains (its dimensions determine the dimensions of grains ).

 

ngrains

The number of grains as returned by gwy_data_field_number_grains().

 

grains

Grain numbers filled with gwy_data_field_number_grains().

 

bboxes

Array of size at least 4*(ngrains +1) to fill with grain bounding boxes. It can be NULL to allocate a new array.

 

Returns

Either bboxes (if it was not NULL), or a newly allocated array of size 4(ngrains + 1).

Since: 2.3

gwy_data_field_get_grain_bounding_boxes_periodic ()

gint *
gwy_data_field_get_grain_bounding_boxes_periodic
                               (GwyDataField *mask_field,
                                gint ngrains,
                                const gint *grains,
                                gint *bboxes);

Find bounding boxes of all grains.

As usual zeroth element of bboxes does not correspond to any grain; grain numbers start from 1. The bounding boxes are stored as quadruples of indices: (column, row, width, height).

The row and column always lie inside the the image. However, width and height may specify an area which sticks outside. In this case periodicity needs to be taken into account.

Parameters

mask_field

Data field containing positive values in grains, nonpositive in free space. However its contents is ignored as all grain information is taken from grains (its dimensions determine the dimensions of grains ).

 

ngrains

The number of grains as returned by gwy_data_field_number_grains_periodic().

 

grains

Grain numbers filled with gwy_data_field_number_grains_periodic().

 

bboxes

Array of size at least 4*(ngrains +1) to fill with grain bounding boxes. It can be NULL to allocate a new array.

 

Returns

Either bboxes (if it was not NULL), or a newly allocated array of size 4(ngrains + 1).

Since: 2.51

gwy_data_field_get_grain_sizes ()

gint *
gwy_data_field_get_grain_sizes (GwyDataField *mask_field,
                                gint ngrains,
                                const gint *grains,
                                gint *sizes);

Find sizes of all grains in a mask data field.

Size is the number of pixels in the grain.

The zeroth element of sizes is filled with the number of pixels not covered by the mask.

Parameters

mask_field

Data field containing positive values in grains, nonpositive in free space. However its contents is ignored as all grain information is taken from grains (its dimensions determine the dimensions of grains ).

 

ngrains

The number of grains as returned by gwy_data_field_number_grains().

 

grains

Grain numbers filled with gwy_data_field_number_grains().

 

sizes

Array of size at least ngrains +1 to fill with grain sizes (as usual zero does not correspond to any grain, grains start from 1). It can be NULL to allocate a new array.

 

Returns

Either sizes (if it was not NULL), or a newly allocated array of size ngrains +1.

Since: 2.47

gwy_data_field_grains_get_distribution ()

GwyDataLine *
gwy_data_field_grains_get_distribution
                               (GwyDataField *data_field,
                                GwyDataField *grain_field,
                                GwyDataLine *distribution,
                                gint ngrains,
                                const gint *grains,
                                GwyGrainQuantity quantity,
                                gint nstats);

Computes distribution of requested grain characteristics.

Puts number of grains vs. grain value data into distribution , units, scales and offsets of distribution are updated accordingly.

Note the i -th bin is [i *dx +off ,(i +1)*dx +off ] so the central value you probably want to use for plotting is (i +0.5)*dx +off (where dx is the distribution data line pixel size, off is its offset).

Parameters

data_field

Data field used for marking. For some quantities its values are not used, but units and physical dimensions are always taken from it.

 

grain_field

Data field (mask) of marked grains. Note if you pass non-NULL grains all grain information is taken from it and grain_field can be even NULL then.

 

distribution

Data line to store grain distribution to.

 

grains

Grain numbers filled with gwy_data_field_number_grains() if you have it, or NULL (the function then finds grain numbers itself which is not efficient for repeated use on the same grain field).

 

ngrains

The number of grains as returned by gwy_data_field_number_grains(). Ignored in grains is NULL.

 

quantity

The quantity to calculate.

 

nstats

The number of samples to take on the distribution function. If nonpositive, a suitable resolution is determined automatically.

 

Returns

A data line with the distribution: distribution itself if it was not NULL, otherwise a newly created GwyDataLine caller must destroy. If there are no grains, NULL is returned and distribution is not changed.

gwy_data_field_grains_get_values ()

gdouble *
gwy_data_field_grains_get_values (GwyDataField *data_field,
                                  gdouble *values,
                                  gint ngrains,
                                  const gint *grains,
                                  GwyGrainQuantity quantity);

Calculates characteristics of grains.

This is a bit low-level function, see also gwy_data_field_grains_get_distribution().

The array values will be filled with the requested grain value for each individual grain (0th item of values which does not correspond to any grain will be overwritten with an arbitrary value and should be ignored).

The grain numbers serve as indices in values . Therefore as long as the same grains is used, the same position in values corresponds to the same particular grain. This enables one for instance to calculate grain sizes and grain heights and then correlate them.

Parameters

data_field

Data field used for marking. For some quantities its values are not used, but its dimensions determine the dimensions of grains .

 

values

Array of size ngrains +1 to put grain values to. It can be NULL to allocate and return a new array.

 

grains

Grain numbers filled with gwy_data_field_number_grains().

 

ngrains

The number of grains as returned by gwy_data_field_number_grains().

 

quantity

The quantity to calculate.

 

Returns

values itself if it was not NULL, otherwise a newly allocated array that caller has to free.

gwy_data_field_grains_get_quantities ()

gdouble **
gwy_data_field_grains_get_quantities (GwyDataField *data_field,
                                      gdouble **values,
                                      const GwyGrainQuantity *quantities,
                                      guint nquantities,
                                      guint ngrains,
                                      const gint *grains);

Calculates multiple characteristics of grains simultaneously.

See gwy_data_field_grains_get_values() for some discussion. This function is more efficient if several grain quantities need to be calculated since gwy_data_field_grains_get_values() can do lot of repeated work in such case.

Parameters

data_field

Data field used for marking. For some quantities its values are not used, but its dimensions determine the dimensions of grains .

 

values

Array of nquantities pointers to blocks of length ngrains +1 to put the calculated grain values to. Each block corresponds to one requested quantity. NULL can be passed to allocate and return a new array.

 

quantities

Array of nquantities items that specify the requested GwyGrainQuantity to put to corresponding items in values . Quantities can repeat.

 

nquantities

The number of requested different grain values.

 

grains

Grain numbers filled with gwy_data_field_number_grains().

 

ngrains

The number of grains as returned by gwy_data_field_number_grains().

 

Returns

values itself if it was not NULL, otherwise a newly allocated array that caller has to free with g_free(), including the contained arrays.

Since: 2.22

gwy_grain_quantity_needs_same_units ()

gboolean
gwy_grain_quantity_needs_same_units (GwyGrainQuantity quantity);

Tests whether a grain quantity is defined only when lateral and value units match.

Parameters

quantity

A grain quantity.

 

Returns

TRUE if quantity is meaningless when lateral and value units differ, FALSE if it is always defined.

Since: 2.7

gwy_grain_quantity_get_units ()

GwySIUnit *
gwy_grain_quantity_get_units (GwyGrainQuantity quantity,
                              GwySIUnit *siunitxy,
                              GwySIUnit *siunitz,
                              GwySIUnit *result);

Calculates the units of a grain quantity.

Parameters

quantity

A grain quantity.

 

siunitxy

Lateral SI unit of data.

 

siunitz

Value SI unit of data.

 

result

An SI unit to set to the units of quantity . It can be NULL, a new SI unit is created then and returned.

 

Returns

When result is NULL, a newly creates SI unit that has to be dereferenced when no longer used later. Otherwise result itself is simply returned, its reference count is NOT increased.

Since: 2.7

gwy_data_field_area_grains_tgnd ()

void
gwy_data_field_area_grains_tgnd (GwyDataField *data_field,
                                 GwyDataLine *target_line,
                                 gint col,
                                 gint row,
                                 gint width,
                                 gint height,
                                 gboolean below,
                                 gint nstats);

Calculates threshold grain number distribution.

This function is a simple gwy_data_field_area_grains_tgnd_range() that calculates the distribution in the full range.

Parameters

data_field

A data field.

 

target_line

A data line to store the distribution to. It will be resampled to the requested width.

 

col

Upper-left column coordinate.

 

row

Upper-left row coordinate.

 

width

Area width (number of columns).

 

height

Area height (number of rows).

 

below

If TRUE, valleys are marked, otherwise mountains are marked.

 

nstats

The number of samples to take on the distribution function. If nonpositive, a suitable resolution is determined automatically.

 

gwy_data_field_area_grains_tgnd_range ()

void
gwy_data_field_area_grains_tgnd_range (GwyDataField *data_field,
                                       GwyDataLine *target_line,
                                       gint col,
                                       gint row,
                                       gint width,
                                       gint height,
                                       gdouble min,
                                       gdouble max,
                                       gboolean below,
                                       gint nstats);

Calculates threshold grain number distribution in given height range.

This is the number of grains for each of nstats equidistant height threshold levels. For large nstats this function is much faster than the equivalent number of gwy_data_field_grains_mark_height() calls.

Parameters

data_field

A data field.

 

target_line

A data line to store the distribution to. It will be resampled to the requested width.

 

col

Upper-left column coordinate.

 

row

Upper-left row coordinate.

 

width

Area width (number of columns).

 

height

Area height (number of rows).

 

min

Minimum threshold value.

 

max

Maximum threshold value.

 

below

If TRUE, valleys are marked, otherwise mountains are marked.

 

nstats

The number of samples to take on the distribution function. If nonpositive, a suitable resolution is determined automatically.

 

gwy_data_field_grains_splash_water ()

void
gwy_data_field_grains_splash_water (GwyDataField *data_field,
                                    GwyDataField *minima,
                                    gint locate_steps,
                                    gdouble locate_dropsize);

gwy_data_field_grain_distance_transform ()

void
gwy_data_field_grain_distance_transform
                               (GwyDataField *data_field);

Performs Euclidean distance transform of a data field with grains.

Each non-zero value will be replaced with Euclidean distance to the grain boundary, measured in pixels.

See also gwy_data_field_grain_simple_dist_trans() for simple distance transforms such as city-block or chessboard.

Parameters

data_field

A data field with zeroes in empty space and nonzeroes in grains.

 

Since: 2.36

gwy_data_field_grain_simple_dist_trans ()

void
gwy_data_field_grain_simple_dist_trans
                               (GwyDataField *data_field,
                                GwyDistanceTransformType dtype,
                                gboolean from_border);

Performs a distance transform of a data field with grains.

Each non-zero value will be replaced with a distance to the grain boundary, measured in pixels.

Note this function can calculate the true Euclidean distance transform only since 2.43. Use gwy_data_field_grain_distance_transform() for the EDT if you need compatibility with older versions.

Parameters

data_field

A data field with zeroes in empty space and nonzeroes in grains.

 

dtype

Type of simple distance to use.

 

from_border

TRUE to consider image edges to be grain boundaries.

 

Since: 2.41

gwy_data_field_grains_shrink ()

void
gwy_data_field_grains_shrink (GwyDataField *data_field,
                              gdouble amount,
                              GwyDistanceTransformType dtype,
                              gboolean from_border);

Erodes a data field containing mask by specified amount using a distance measure.

Non-zero pixels in data_field will be replaced with zeroes if they are not farther than amount from the grain boundary as defined by dtype .

Parameters

data_field

A data field with zeroes in empty space and nonzeroes in grains.

 

amount

How much the grains should be reduced, in pixels. It is inclusive, i.e. pixels that are amount far from the border will be removed.

 

dtype

Type of simple distance to use.

 

from_border

TRUE to consider image edges to be grain boundaries. FALSE to reduce grains touching field boundaries only along the boundaries.

 

Since: 2.43

gwy_data_field_grains_grow ()

void
gwy_data_field_grains_grow (GwyDataField *data_field,
                            gdouble amount,
                            GwyDistanceTransformType dtype,
                            gboolean prevent_merging);

Dilates a data field containing mask by specified amount using a distance measure.

Non-positive pixels in data_field will be replaced with ones if they are not farther than amount from the grain boundary as defined by dtype .

Parameters

data_field

A data field with zeroes in empty space and nonzeroes in grains.

 

amount

How much the grains should be expanded, in pixels. It is inclusive, i.e. exterior pixels that are amount far from the border will be filled.

 

dtype

Type of simple distance to use.

 

prevent_merging

TRUE to prevent grain merging, i.e. the growth stops where two grains would merge. FALSE to simply expand the grains, without regard to grain connectivity.

 

Since: 2.43

gwy_data_field_grains_thin ()

void
gwy_data_field_grains_thin (GwyDataField *data_field);

Performs thinning of a data field containing mask.

The result of thinning is a ‘skeleton’ mask consisting of single-pixel thin lines.

Parameters

data_field

A data field with zeroes in empty space and nonzeroes in grains.

 

Since: 2.48

gwy_data_field_fill_voids ()

gboolean
gwy_data_field_fill_voids (GwyDataField *data_field,
                           gboolean nonsimple);

Fills voids in grains in a data field representing a mask.

Voids in grains are zero pixels in data_field from which no path exists through other zero pixels to the field boundary. The paths are considered in 8-connectivity because grains themselves are considered in 4-connectivity.

Parameters

data_field

A data field with zeroes in empty space and nonzeroes in grains.

 

nonsimple

Pass TRUE to fill also voids that are not simple-connected (e.g. ring-like). This can result in grain merging if a small grain is contained within a void. Pass FALSE to fill only simple-connected grains.

 

Returns

TRUE if any voids were filled at all, FALSE if no change was made.

Since: 2.37

gwy_data_field_waterpour ()

gint
gwy_data_field_waterpour (GwyDataField *data_field,
                          GwyDataField *result,
                          gint *grains);

Performs the classical Vincent watershed segmentation of a data field.

The segmentation always results in the entire field being masked with the exception of thin (8-connectivity) lines separating the segments (grains).

Compared to gwy_data_field_grains_mark_watershed(), this algorithm is very fast. However, when used alone, it typically results in a serious oversegmentation as each local minimum gives raise to a grain. Furthermore, the full segmentation means that also pixels which would be considered outside any grain in the topographical sense will be assigned to some catchment basin. Therefore, pre- or postprocessing is usually necessary, using the gradient image or a more sophisticated method.

The function does not assign pixels with value HUGE_VAL or larger to any segment. This can be used to pre-mark certain areas explicitly as boundaries.

Since the algorithm numbers the grains as a side effect, you can pass a grains array and get the grain numbers immediatelly, avoiding the relatively (although not drastically) expensive gwy_data_field_number_grains() call.

Parameters

data_field

A data field to segmentate.

 

result

Data field that will be filled with the resulting mask. It will be resized to the dimensions of data_field and its properties set accordingly.

 

grains

Optionally, an array with the same number of items as data_field . If non-NULL, it will be filled with grain numbers in the same manner as gwy_data_field_number_grains(). Pass NULL to ignore.

 

Returns

The number of segments (grains) in the result, excluding the separators, i.e. the same convention as in gwy_data_field_number_grains() is used.

Since: 2.37

gwy_data_field_mark_extrema ()

void
gwy_data_field_mark_extrema (GwyDataField *dfield,
                             GwyDataField *extrema,
                             gboolean maxima);

Marks local maxima or minima in a two-dimensional field.

Local (or regional) maximum is a contiguous set of pixels that have the same value and this value is sharply greater than the value of any pixel touching the set. A minimum is defined analogously. A field filled with a single value is considered to have neither minimum nor maximum.

Parameters

dfield

A two-dimensional data field.

 

extrema

Target field for the extrema mask.

 

maxima

TRUE to mark maxima, FALSE to mark minima.

 

Since: 2.37

Types and Values

© David Nečas and Petr Klapetek

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